Objective: Whether the cardiovascular risk attributed to elevated uric acid levels may be explained by changes in central and peripheral pulsatile and/or steady blood pressure (BP) components remains controversial.
Methods: In a cross-sectional analysis of normotensive and untreated hypertensive participants of the CARTaGENE populational cohort, we examined the relationship between uric acid, and both pulsatile and steady components of peripheral and central BP, using sex-stratified linear regressions.
Results: Of the 20 004 participants, 10 161 individuals without antihypertensive or uric acid-lowering drugs had valid pulse wave analysis and serum uric acid levels. In multivariate analysis, pulsatile components of BP were not associated with uric acid levels, whereas steady components [mean BP (MBP), peripheral and central DBP] were all associated with higher levels of uric acid levels in women and men (all P < 0.001). Furthermore, there was a gradual increase of central SBP (cSBP), DBP and MBP from the lowest to the highest quintiles of uric acid levels but not for MBP-adjusted cSBP. Peripheral and cSBP, which are aggregate measures of pulsatile and steady BP, were also associated with uric acid levels in women (β = 0.063 and 0.072, respectively, both P < 0.001) and men (β = 0.043 and 0.051, both P ≤ 0.003). After further adjustments for MBP to account for the concomitant increase in steady component of BP, SBPs were no longer associated with uric acid levels.
Conclusion: Serum uric acid levels appear to be associated with both central and peripheral steady but not pulsatile BP, regardless of sex.