Reversal of somatostatin inhibition of AVP-induced cAMP by pertussis toxin

Kidney Int. 1988 Feb;33(2):536-42. doi: 10.1038/ki.1988.31.


The effect of somatostatin on the stimulation of adenosine-3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) production by arginine vasopressin (AVP) was examined in rat renal papillary collecting tubule cells in culture. The presence of phosphodiesterase inhibitor 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine AVP at a concentration of 1 X 10(-10) M or higher significantly increased cellular cAMP levels in a dose-dependent manner. The stimulation by AVP of cellular cAMP production was significantly attenuated by 1 X 10(-6) M somatostatin (1 X 10(-9) M AVP, 477.5 +/- 23.0 vs. 292.4 +/- 28.5 fmol/micrograms protein per 10 min, P less than 0.01). When the cells were pretreated with pertussis toxin, pertussis toxin completely abolished the inhibitory effect of somatostatin on cellular cAMP production in response to AVP. Such an effect was obtained with a concentration of 0.1 ng/ml or higher of pertussis toxin and an incubation time of longer than an hour. The exposure of cells to 100 ng/ml pertussis toxin for two hours recovered the cellular cAMP response to 1 X 10(-9) M AVP in the presence of 1 X 10(-6) M somatostatin, the value of which 527.1 +/- 32.6 fmol/micrograms protein per 10 minutes, was a comparable level to that in response to only 1 X 10(-9) M AVP. Also, somatostatin inhibited the cellular cAMP response to glucagon and cholera toxin, but did not inhibit basal and forskolin-stimulated cAMP levels. Pertussis toxin treatment of cells completely abolished these inhibitory effects of somatostatin.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arginine Vasopressin / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Arginine Vasopressin / physiology*
  • Cyclic AMP / biosynthesis*
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / physiology
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Kidney Medulla / drug effects
  • Kidney Medulla / metabolism
  • Kidney Tubules / drug effects*
  • Kidney Tubules, Collecting / drug effects*
  • Kidney Tubules, Collecting / metabolism
  • Male
  • Pertussis Toxin*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Somatostatin / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Somatostatin / physiology*
  • Virulence Factors, Bordetella / pharmacology*


  • Virulence Factors, Bordetella
  • Arginine Vasopressin
  • Somatostatin
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Pertussis Toxin
  • GTP-Binding Proteins