Association between bacterial strain type and host biomarkers in Clostridium perfringens infected goats

Microb Pathog. 2017 Nov;112:254-258. doi: 10.1016/j.micpath.2017.09.059. Epub 2017 Sep 28.


The study project was designed to determine the effects of Clostridium perfringens type D infection on hematological and biochemical parameters in goats. Purposive blood samples were collected from 6 healthy and 12 diseased goats positive for C. perfringens infection. Neither the animals nor their mother were vaccinated against Clostridium perfringens from whom samples were obtained. Study was carried out in two different topographic areas; hilly (district Swat) and plain (district Mardan) of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan but nonsignificant (P > 0.05) statistical difference was recorded between the prevalence of Clostridium perfringens infected goats. Mean erythrocytes count (RBC) and hemoglobin level decreased significantly (P < 0.05) while the white blood cells (WBC) increased significantly (P < 0.05) in diseased animals compared to the healthy animals. However non-significant differences (P > 0.05) were observed in packet cell volume (PCV) and platelets count in healthy and diseased animals. According to biochemical analysis, a significant increase (P < 0.05) in liver enzymes, total bilirubin, serum creatinine, blood urea and glucose was recorded in diseased goats. . The results demonstrated that fluctuation in most of the mean hematological values remained within the normal range however the mean liver enzymes, total bilirubin, serum creatinine, blood urea and glucose levels gone beyond the normal levels which demonstrated severe damages to liver and kidneys.

Keywords: Bilirubin; Blood urea; Clostridium perfringens; Goats; PCV; Platelets; RBC; Serum creatinine; WBC.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Domestic
  • Bilirubin
  • Biomarkers / blood*
  • Blood Glucose
  • Clostridium Infections / blood*
  • Clostridium Infections / epidemiology
  • Clostridium Infections / microbiology
  • Clostridium Infections / veterinary*
  • Clostridium perfringens / classification
  • Clostridium perfringens / genetics
  • Clostridium perfringens / isolation & purification
  • Clostridium perfringens / pathogenicity*
  • Creatinine / blood
  • DNA, Bacterial / analysis
  • Erythrocytes
  • Feces / microbiology
  • Female
  • Goat Diseases / diagnosis
  • Goat Diseases / epidemiology
  • Goat Diseases / microbiology*
  • Goats
  • Humans
  • Kidney
  • Leukocyte Count
  • Liver / enzymology
  • Male
  • Pakistan / epidemiology
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Urea / blood


  • Biomarkers
  • Blood Glucose
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Urea
  • Creatinine
  • Bilirubin