Regulation of the Hippo Pathway Transcription Factor TEAD

Trends Biochem Sci. 2017 Nov;42(11):862-872. doi: 10.1016/j.tibs.2017.09.003. Epub 2017 Sep 27.

Abstract

The TEAD transcription factor family is best known for transcriptional output of the Hippo signaling pathway and has been implicated in processes such as development, cell growth and proliferation, tissue homeostasis, and regeneration. Our understanding of the functional importance of TEADs has increased dramatically since its initial discovery three decades ago. The majority of our knowledge of TEADs is in the context of Hippo signaling as nuclear DNA-binding proteins passively activated by Yes-associated protein (YAP) and transcriptional activator with PDZ-binding domain (TAZ), transcription coactivators downstream of the Hippo pathway. However, recent studies suggest that TEAD itself is actively regulated. Here, we highlight evidence demonstrating Hippo-independent regulation of TEADs and the potential impacts these studies may have on new cancer therapeutics.

Keywords: Hippo; TEAD; YAP/TAZ; cancer; cytoplasmic–nuclear shuttling.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction*
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*

Substances

  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • TEAD1 protein, human
  • Transcription Factors
  • Hippo protein, human
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases