Dental Manifestations of Pediatric Bone Disorders

Curr Osteoporos Rep. 2017 Dec;15(6):588-592. doi: 10.1007/s11914-017-0409-5.


Purpose of review: Several bone disorders affecting the skeleton often are manifest in the maxillofacial region. This review presents the most common bone disorders in children and their dental-oral manifestations: fibrous dysplasia, Paget's disease, osteogenesis imperfecta, renal osteodystrophy, hypophosphatasia, and osteoporosis. The specific intraoral characteristics will reviewed in detail.

Recent findings: Recent studies confirmed the close relationship between the mandible and the maxilla with the most prevalent systemic bone disorders in children. This review will help practitioners to integrate the oral health into the systemic health and improve the multidisciplinary approach of pediatric patients between medicine and dentistry.

Keywords: Fibrous dysplasia; Osteogenesis imperfect; Osteoporosis; Paget’s disease; Renal osteodystrophy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Bone Diseases / complications
  • Bone Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder / complications
  • Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder / physiopathology
  • Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone / complications
  • Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Hypophosphatasia / complications
  • Hypophosphatasia / physiopathology
  • Infant
  • Malocclusion / etiology
  • Malocclusion / physiopathology*
  • Oral Health
  • Osteitis Deformans / complications
  • Osteitis Deformans / physiopathology
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta / complications
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta / physiopathology
  • Osteoporosis / complications
  • Osteoporosis / physiopathology
  • Tooth Diseases / etiology
  • Tooth Diseases / physiopathology*