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, 51 (5), 563-575

Management of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury: What's In and What's Out?


Management of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury: What's In and What's Out?

Benjamin Todd Raines et al. Indian J Orthop.


Sports medicine physicians have a keen clinical and research interest in the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). The biomechanical, biologic, and clinical data researchers generate, help drive injury management and prevention practices globally. The current concepts in ACL injury and surgery are being shaped by technological advances, expansion in basic science research, resurging interest in ACL preservation, and expanding efforts regarding injury prevention. As new methods are being developed in this field, the primary goal of safely improving patient outcomes will be a unifying principle. With this review, we provide an overview of topics currently in controversy or debate, and we identify paradigm shifts in the understanding, management, and prevention of ACL tears.

Keywords: Anatomy; Anterior cruciate ligament; anterior cruciate ligament; anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction; injury management; reconstruction; recovery of function; rehabilitation.

Conflict of interest statement

Benjamin T. Raines and Emily Naclerio have no conflicts to report. Seth L Sherman reports the following conflicts: ACL Study Group: board or committee member; American Journal of Orthopedics: editorial or governing board; American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine: board or committee member; Arthrex, Inc.: paid consultant; research support; Arthroscopy: editorial or governing board; Arthroscopy Association of North America: board or committee member; Neotis: paid consultant; Regeneration Technologies, Inc.: paid consultant; Vericel: paid consultant; and Zimmer: research support.

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Cited by 3 PubMed Central articles


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