CD22, a sialic acid-binding Ig-type lectin (Siglec) family member, is an inhibitory coreceptor of the BCR with established roles in health and disease. The restricted expression pattern of CD22 on B cells and most B cell lymphomas has made CD22 a therapeutic target for B cell-mediated diseases. Models to better understand how in vivo targeting of CD22 translates to human disease are needed. In this article, we report the development of a transgenic mouse expressing human CD22 (hCD22) in B cells and assess its ability to functionally substitute for murine CD22 (mCD22) for regulation of BCR signaling, Ab responses, homing, and tolerance. Expression of hCD22 on transgenic murine B cells is comparable to expression on human primary B cells, and it colocalizes with mCD22 on the cell surface. Murine B cells expressing only hCD22 have identical calcium (Ca2+) flux responses to anti-IgM as mCD22-expressing wild-type B cells. Furthermore, hCD22 transgenic mice on an mCD22-/- background have restored levels of marginal zone B cells and Ab responses compared with deficiencies observed in CD22-/- mice. Consistent with these observations, hCD22 transgenic mice develop normal humoral responses in a peanut allergy oral sensitization model. Homing of B cells to Peyer's patches was partially rescued by expression of hCD22 compared with CD22-/- B cells, although not to wild-type levels. Notably, Siglec-engaging antigenic liposomes formulated with an hCD22 ligand were shown to prevent B cell activation, increase cell death, and induce tolerance in vivo. This hCD22 transgenic mouse will be a valuable model for investigating the function of hCD22 and preclinical studies targeting hCD22.
Copyright © 2017 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.