[The Influence of Media Consumption During Early Childhood on Media Use and Psychological Disorders in Adolescence]

Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr. 2017 Oct;66(8):558-575. doi: 10.13109/prkk.2017.66.8.558.
[Article in German]


The Influence of Media Consumption During Early Childhood on Media Use and Psychological Disorders in Adolescence There are many studies that suggest that there is a link between high media consumption and psychological, physiological and social disorders. Nevertheless, there are also inconsistent results, methodical limitations and a lack of longitudinal studies. The present study analyses habits of media consumption in children and adolescents, the influence of different early childhood risk factors on the use of the media in adolescence and the links between early childhood media consumption and disorders in adolescence. The source of the data is the longitudinal project Future Family III. 249 families participated in the last data collection in the adolescence. Adolescents use the media more than five hours per day on average, nearly fifty percent of these adolescents can be considered as internet addicted and a majority consumes violent contents. A low socioeconomic status, low socio-emotional competences and low intelligence of the child as well as unfavorable educational style and psychological stress of the mother are risk factors for the media use in adolescence. Adolescents with a migration background have an increased risk of internet and computer game dependency. On the other hand, the overall utilization of media in the early childhood has only a low predictive power. The results indicate that these connections seem to be more complex than assumed. There is a need for more longitudinal studies in order to get a better understanding of the consequences of media consumption.

Keywords: Jugendalter; Längsschnittstudie; Medienkonsum; Risiko- und Schutzfaktoren; adolescence; longitudinal study; media consumption; mental disorders; psychische Auffälligkeiten; risk and protection factors.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Emigrants and Immigrants / psychology
  • Emigrants and Immigrants / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Germany
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Mass Media / statistics & numerical data*
  • Mental Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Mental Disorders / psychology*
  • Protective Factors
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Social Media
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Statistics as Topic
  • Video Games