Associated and Mediating Variables Related to Job Satisfaction among Professionals from Mental Health Teams

Psychiatr Q. 2018 Jun;89(2):399-413. doi: 10.1007/s11126-017-9543-6.


Using a structural analysis, this study examines the relationship between job satisfaction among 315 mental health professionals from the province of Quebec (Canada) and a wide range of variables related to provider characteristics, team characteristics, processes, and emergent states, and organizational culture. We used the Job Satisfaction Survey to assess job satisfaction. Our conceptual framework integrated numerous independent variables adapted from the input-mediator-output-input (IMOI) model and the Integrated Team Effectiveness Model (ITEM). The structural equation model predicted 47% of the variance of job satisfaction. Job satisfaction was associated with eight variables: strong team support, participation in the decision-making process, closer collaboration, fewer conflicts among team members, modest knowledge production (team processes), firm affective commitment, multifocal identification (emergent states) and belonging to the nursing profession (provider characteristics). Team climate had an impact on six job satisfaction variables (team support, knowledge production, conflicts, affective commitment, collaboration, and multifocal identification). Results show that team processes and emergent states were mediators between job satisfaction and team climate. To increase job satisfaction among professionals, health managers need to pursue strategies that foster a positive climate within mental health teams.

Keywords: Determinants, mediators; Job satisfaction; Mental health professionals; Structural equation model.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Canada
  • Cooperative Behavior*
  • Female
  • Health Personnel / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Job Satisfaction*
  • Male
  • Mental Health* / statistics & numerical data
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Patient Care Team*
  • Young Adult