Antihyperglycemic treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes in Italy: the impact of age and kidney function

Oncotarget. 2017 Jun 28;8(37):62039-62048. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.18816. eCollection 2017 Sep 22.


We describe AHA utilization pattern according to age and renal function in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), in real-life conditions. The analysis was performed using the data set of electronic medical records collected between 1 January and 31 December, 2011 in 207 Italian diabetes centers. The study population consisted of 157,595 individuals with T2DM. The AHA treatment regimens was evaluated. Kidney function was assessed by eGFR, estimated using the CKD-EPI formula. Other determinations: HbA1c, blood pressure (BP), low- density lipoprotein (LDL-c), total and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (TC and HDL-c), triglycerides (TG) and serum uric acid (SUA). Quality of care was assessed through Q score. The proportion of subjects taking metformin declined progressively across age quartiles along with eGFR values, but remained high in oldest subjects (i.e. 54.5 %). On the other hand, the proportion of patients on secretagogues or insulin increased with aging (i.e. 54.7% and 37% in the fourth age quartile, respectively). The percentage of patients with low eGFR (i.e. <30 ml/min/1.73m2) taking either metformin or sulphonilureas/repaglinide was particularly high (i.e. 15.3% and 34.3% respectively). In a large real-life cohort of T2DM, metformin or sulphonylureas/repaglinide, although not recommended, are frequently prescribed to elderly subjects with severe kidney disease.

Keywords: age; antihyperglycemic treatment; eGFR; nephropathy; type 2 diabetes mellitus.