Selected allied health professionals' self-confidence in health promotion counseling skills and interest in continuing education programs

J Allied Health. 1988 May;17(2):123-33.


Mail surveys of samples of dental hygienists (n = 90, 36% response), registered dietitians (n = 262, 52% response), and physician assistants (n = 289, 89% response) in Texas and certified nurse midwives (n = 143, 57% response) in the US provided data regarding their confidence that they possess skills and knowledge to counsel patients about selected areas of health promotion (self-efficacy). Also, the surveys gathered information regarding respondents' beliefs that patients will follow through on their recommendations (adherence expectation), and their interest in continuing education programs. Overall, respondents displayed highest self-efficacy with regard to counseling patients about blood pressure and smoking. Confidence was lowest in illicit drug abuse and mental health areas. Certified nurse midwives and physician assistants indicated confidence in many more areas than the other two groups. Respondents consistently expressed less certainty about patient adherence than about their own skills and knowledge. They generally indicated a high degree of interest in continuing education across the several health promotion topics. Modest relationships were observed between self-efficacy and interest in continuing education programs for physician assistants and registered dietitians, indicating that those with greater self-efficacy had a greater interest in building their skills. A similar pattern was observed among physician assistant respondents with respect to adherence expectations.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Allied Health Personnel / psychology*
  • Clinical Competence
  • Counseling*
  • Dental Hygienists / psychology
  • Dietetics
  • Education, Continuing*
  • Health Promotion*
  • Humans
  • Hypertension
  • Nurse Midwives / psychology
  • Patient Compliance
  • Physician Assistants / psychology
  • Self-Assessment*
  • Smoking
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Texas
  • United States