Knockdown of Rice microRNA166 by Short Tandem Target Mimic (STTM)

Methods Mol Biol. 2017;1654:337-349. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-7231-9_25.


Small RNAs, including microRNAs (miRNAs), are abundant in plants and play key roles in controlling plant development and physiology. miRNAs regulate the expression of the target genes involved in key plant processes. Due to functional redundancy among miRNA family members in plants, an ideal approach to silence the expression of all members simultaneously, for their functional characterization, is desirable. Target mimic (TM) was the first approach to achieve this goal. Short tandem target mimic (STTM) is a potent approach complementing TM for silencing miRNAs in plants. STTMs have been successfully used in dicots to block miRNA functions. Here, we describe in detail the protocol for designing STTM construct to block miRNA functions in rice. Such approach can be applied to silence miRNAs in other monocots as well.

Keywords: Rice; Short tandem target mimic (STTM); Target mimic; miR166; miRNA.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant / genetics
  • MicroRNAs / genetics*
  • Microsatellite Repeats / genetics
  • Oryza / genetics*
  • RNA, Plant / genetics*


  • MicroRNAs
  • RNA, Plant