The Comprehensive in vitro Proarrhythmia Assay (CiPA) initiative is developing and validating a mechanistic-based assessment of the proarrhythmic risk of drugs. CiPA proposes to assess a drug's effect on multiple ion channels and integrate the effects in a computer model of the human cardiomyocyte to predict proarrhythmic risk. Unanticipated or missed effects will be assessed with human stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes and electrocardiogram (ECG) analysis in early phase I clinical trials. This article provides an overview of CiPA and the rationale and design of the CiPA phase I ECG validation clinical trial, which involves assessing an additional ECG biomarker (J-Tpeak) for QT prolonging drugs. If successful, CiPA will 1) create a pathway for drugs with hERG block / QT prolongation to advance without intensive ECG monitoring in phase III trials if they have low proarrhythmic risk; and 2) enable updating drug labels to be more informative about proarrhythmic risk, not just QT prolongation.
© 2017 The Authors. Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics.