Analysis of NOD-like receptor NLRP1 in multiple sclerosis families

Immunogenetics. 2018 Mar;70(3):205-207. doi: 10.1007/s00251-017-1034-2. Epub 2017 Oct 7.


The implementation of exome sequencing technologies has started to unravel the genetic etiology of familial multiple sclerosis (MS). A homozygote p.G587S mutation in NLRP1 has been suggested as potentially causative for the onset of MS in an affected sibling pair, who later developed malignant melanoma. To validate the proposed role of recessive NLRP1 mutations in the pathological mechanisms of MS, we examined exome sequencing data from 326 MS patients from Canada for the identification of NLRP1 missense and nonsense variants. This analysis did not identify the previously described p.G587S mutation; however, three patients with potential NLRP1 compound heterozygote mutations were observed. Haplotype and segregation analyses indicate that the variants observed in these patients were inherited in cis, and do not segregate with disease within families. Thus, the analysis of MS patients from Canada failed to identify potentially pathogenic mutations in NLRP1, including the previously described p.G587S mutation. Further studies are necessary to confirm a role of NLRP1 in the pathophysiology of MS.

Keywords: Familial; Multiple sclerosis; Mutation; NLRP1; NOD-like receptors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / genetics*
  • Adult
  • Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins / genetics*
  • Codon, Nonsense
  • Exome / genetics*
  • Exome Sequencing
  • Female
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Genotype
  • Haplotypes
  • Heterozygote
  • Homozygote
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multiple Sclerosis / genetics*
  • Multiple Sclerosis / physiopathology
  • Mutation, Missense / genetics
  • NLR Proteins
  • Pedigree


  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins
  • Codon, Nonsense
  • NLR Proteins
  • NLRP1 protein, human