Phase I study of sorafenib and tipifarnib for recurrent glioblastoma: NABTC 05-02

J Neurooncol. 2018 Jan;136(1):79-86. doi: 10.1007/s11060-017-2624-4. Epub 2017 Oct 7.


Recurrent glioblastoma (GBM) has a very low 6-month progression free survival (PFS) with currently available treatments. Combination chemotherapy to target multiple cell signaling pathways is currently being investigated in order to improve prognosis for recurrent disease. The purpose of this phase I study was to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) for the combination of tipifarnib and sorafenib for the treatment of recurrent GBM. Patients with pathologically proven WHO grade IV GBM and radiographically proven tumor recurrence were eligible for this study. Treatments included sorafenib at twice daily and escalating dosages of tipifarnib. Dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) was determined over the first 28-days of treatments, and the MTD was determined in a 3 + 3 study design. We enrolled 24 patients, and 21 patients completed the MTD period. The study was stopped early with no MTD determination for excessive toxicities. The last dose level reached was sorafenib at 200 mg twice a day and tipifarnib 100 mg twice a day on an alternating week schedule. The DLTs included diarrhea, lipase elevation, hypophosphatemia, and arthralgia. The combination of sorafenib and tipifarnib has excessive toxicities and full single agent dosages could not be achieved in combination.

Keywords: Combination study; Recurrent GBM; Sorafenib; Tipifarnib.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase I

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacokinetics
  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / pharmacokinetics
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use
  • Brain Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Female
  • Glioblastoma / drug therapy*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Maximum Tolerated Dose
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy*
  • Quinolones / pharmacokinetics
  • Quinolones / therapeutic use*
  • Sorafenib / pharmacokinetics
  • Sorafenib / therapeutic use*
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Quinolones
  • Sorafenib
  • tipifarnib