Structure and chromosomal localization of the human renal kallikrein gene

Biochemistry. 1988 May 3;27(9):3124-9. doi: 10.1021/bi00409a003.


Glandular kallikreins are a family of proteases encoded by a variable number of genes in different mammalian species. In all species examined, however, one particular kallikrein is functionally conserved in its capacity to release the vasoactive peptide, Lys-bradykinin, from low molecular weight kininogen. This kallikrein is found in the kidney, pancreas, and salivary gland, showing a unique pattern of tissue-specific expression relative to other members of the family. We have isolated a genomic clone carrying the human renal kallikrein gene and compared the nucleotide sequence of its promoter region with those of the mouse renal kallikrein gene and another mouse kallikrein gene expressed in a distinct cell type. We find four sequence elements conserved between renal kallikrein genes from the two species. We have also shown that the human gene is localized to 19q13, a position analogous to that of the kallikrein gene family on mouse chromosome 7.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19*
  • DNA / genetics
  • Genes*
  • Humans
  • Kallikreins / genetics*
  • Kidney / enzymology*
  • Metaphase
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Parotid Gland / enzymology
  • Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length
  • Salivary Glands / cytology
  • Salivary Glands / enzymology
  • Transcription, Genetic


  • DNA
  • Kallikreins