Twenty-six unrelated hemophilia A and 70 unrelated normal chromosomes in 184 subjects were studied to determine the frequencies of intragenic and intergenic restriction fragment length polymorphisms associated with the factor VIII:C gene. The incidences for positive BclI and BglI polymorphic sites in the Chinese were 82% and 100%, respectively. Both were higher than in other ethnic groups, while the incidence for XbaI polymorphism was 57%, which is similar to that reported in Caucasians. Using the St14.1 probe, two polymorphic TaqI allelic systems in the DXS52 region were detectable, with heterozygous rates of 0.712 (for system I, alleles 1 to 8) and 0.495 (for system II, alpha and beta alleles), respectively. Thus, using a combination of four polymorphisms, it would be possible to offer carrier detection or prenatal diagnosis in 96% of Chinese females at risk.