Feasibility of a Biomechanically-Assistive Garment to Reduce Low Back Loading During Leaning and Lifting

IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2018 Aug;65(8):1674-1680. doi: 10.1109/TBME.2017.2761455. Epub 2017 Oct 9.


Goal: The purpose of this study was: 1) to design and fabricate a biomechanically-assistive garment which was sufficiently lightweight and low-profile to be worn underneath, or as, clothing, and then 2) to perform human subject testing to assess the ability of the garment to offload the low back muscles during leaning and lifting.

Methods: We designed a prototype garment which acts in parallel with the low back extensor muscles to reduce forces borne by the lumbar musculature. We then tested eight healthy subjects while they performed common leaning and lifting tasks with and without the garment. We recorded muscle activity, body kinematics, and assistive forces.

Results: The biomechanically-assistive garment offloaded the low back muscles, reducing erector spinae muscle activity by an average of 23-43% during leaning tasks, and 14-16% during lifting tasks.

Conclusion: Experimental findings in this study support the feasibility of using biomechanically-assistive garments to reduce low back muscle loading, which may help reduce injury risks or fatigue due to high or repetitive forces.

Significance: Biomechanically-assistive garments may have broad societal appeal as a lightweight, unobtrusive, and cost-effective means to mitigate low back loading in daily life.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Biomechanical Phenomena / physiology
  • Electromyography* / instrumentation
  • Electromyography* / methods
  • Equipment Design
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Low Back Pain / physiopathology
  • Low Back Pain / rehabilitation
  • Male
  • Spine / physiology*
  • Wearable Electronic Devices*
  • Weight-Bearing / physiology*
  • Young Adult