Analysis of Movement Acceleration of Down's Syndrome Teenagers Playing Computer Games

Games Health J. 2017 Dec;6(6):358-364. doi: 10.1089/g4h.2017.0026. Epub 2017 Oct 10.


Objective: This study aimed to evaluate movement acceleration characteristics in adolescents with Down syndrome (DS) and typical development (TD), while playing bowling and golf videogames on the Nintendo® Wii™.

Materials and methods: The sample comprised 21 adolescents diagnosed with DS and 33 with TD of both sexes, between 10 and 14 years of age. The arm swing accelerations of the dominant upper limb were collected as measures during the bowling and the golf games. The first valid measurement, verified by the software readings, recorded at the start of each of the games, was used in the analysis.

Results: In the bowling game, the groups presented significant statistical differences, with the maximum (M) peaks of acceleration for the Male Control Group (MCG) (M = 70.37) and Female Control Group (FCG) (M = 70.51) when compared with Male Down Syndrome Group (MDSG) (M = 45.33) and Female Down Syndrome Group (FDSG) (M = 37.24). In the golf game the groups also presented significant statistical differences, the only difference being that the maximum peaks of acceleration for both male groups were superior compared with the female groups, MCG (M = 74.80) and FCG (M = 56.80), as well as in MDSG (M = 45.12) and in FDSG (M = 30.52).

Conclusion: It was possible to use accelerometry to evaluate the movement acceleration characteristics of teenagers diagnosed with DS during virtual bowling and golf games played on the Nintendo Wii console.

Keywords: Game therapy; Neurological disorders; Rehabilitation.

MeSH terms

  • Accelerometry
  • Adolescent
  • Biomechanical Phenomena / physiology*
  • Brazil
  • Child
  • Down Syndrome
  • Exercise Therapy / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Upper Extremity / physiology
  • Video Games / psychology*