Background: Patiromer is a sodium-free, nonabsorbed, potassium binder approved for treatment of hyperkalemia. This open-label study compares the efficacy and safety of patiromer administered without food versus with food.
Methods: Adults with hyperkalemia (potassium ≥5.0 mEq/L) were randomized (1:1) to receive patiromer once daily without food or with food for 4 weeks. The dosage was adjusted (maximum: 25.2 g/day) using a prespecified titration schedule to achieve and maintain potassium within a target range (3.8-5.0 mEq/L). The primary efficacy endpoint was the proportion of patients with serum potassium in the target range at either week 3 or week 4. Safety was assessed by adverse events (AEs) and laboratory testing.
Results: Efficacy was evaluated in 112 patients; 65.2% were ≥65 years of age, 75.9% had chronic kidney disease, and 82.1% had diabetes. Baseline mean serum potassium was similar in the without-food (5.44 mEq/L) and with-food (5.34 mEq/L) groups. The primary endpoint was achieved by 87.3% (95% CI 75.5-94.7) and 82.5% (95% CI 70.1-91.3) of patients in the with-food and without-food groups, respectively; least squares mean changes in serum potassium from baseline to week 4 were -0.65 and -0.62 mEq/L, respectively (p < 0.0001). The most common AEs were diarrhea and constipation. Serum K+ remained ≥3.5 mEq/L in all patients; 5 patients developed serum magnesium <1.4 mg/dL, including 4 whose baseline magnesium was below the lower limit of normal.
Conclusion: Patiromer is equally effective and well tolerated when taken without food or with food, thereby offering the potential for dosing flexibility.
Keywords: Hyperkalemia; Patiromer; Potassium.
© 2017 The Author(s) Published by S. Karger AG, Basel.