Disability Glare in Soft Multifocal Contact Lenses

Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2018 Apr;41(2):175-179. doi: 10.1016/j.clae.2017.10.002. Epub 2017 Oct 7.

Abstract

Purpose: The study investigated the effect of the design of multifocal contact lenses on the sensitivity to contrast and disability glare.

Methods: Contrast sensitivity was measured in 16 young adults (mean age: 25.5±2.5years) at a distance of 2m under two conditions: no-glare and glare. Two designs (Center Near and Center Distance) of the Biofinity soft contact lens were used to simulate correction for presbyopes, while a correction with single vision trial lenses and contact lenses acted as controls.

Results: The design of the used multifocal contact lenses had a significant influence on the log area under the curve of the contrast sensitivity function (AUC-CSF). Compared to the spectacle lens correction, the AUC-CSF was significantly reduced, in case CS was measured with the Center Near design lens, under the no-glare (p<0.001) and the glare condition (p: p<0.001). In case of the Center Distance design contact lens, the AUC-CSF was significantly smaller in case CS was tested under glare (p=0.001). Disability glare (DG) was depending on the spatial frequency and the design of the multifocal lens, while the Center Distance design produced higher amounts of DG (p<0.001), compared to the other used corrections.

Conclusion: The optical design of a multifocal contact lenses has a significant impact on the contrast sensitivity as well as the disability glare. In order to dispense the best correction in terms of contact lenses, the sensitivity to contrast under no-glare and glare conditions should be tested a medium spatial frequencies.

Keywords: Contact lens; Contrast sensitivity; Disability glare; Optical design.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Area Under Curve
  • Astigmatism / therapy
  • Contact Lenses, Hydrophilic / adverse effects*
  • Contrast Sensitivity*
  • Female
  • Glare*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Myopia / therapy
  • Prosthesis Design*
  • Vision Disorders / etiology*
  • Young Adult