Ketogenic diet in endocrine disorders: Current perspectives

J Postgrad Med. 2017 Oct-Dec;63(4):242-251. doi: 10.4103/jpgm.JPGM_16_17.


Ketogenic diet (KD) is a high-fat, adequate-protein, and low-carbohydrate diet that leads to nutritional ketosis, long known for antiepileptic effects and has been used therapeutically to treat refractory epilepsy. This review attempts to summarize the evidence and clinical application of KD in diabetes, obesity, and other endocrine disorders. KD is usually animal protein based. An empiric vegetarian Indian variant of KD has been provided keeping in mind the Indian food habits. KD has beneficial effects on cardiac ischemic preconditioning, improves oxygenation in patients with respiratory failure, improves glycemic control in diabetics, is associated with significant weight loss, and has a beneficial impact on polycystic ovarian syndrome. Multivitamin supplementations are recommended with KD. Recently, ketones are being proposed as super-metabolic fuel; and KD is currently regarded as apt dietary therapy for "diabesity."

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / diet therapy*
  • Diet, Ketogenic / methods*
  • Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
  • Endocrine System Diseases / diet therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Ketones / metabolism*
  • Obesity / diet therapy
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome / diet therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Weight Loss


  • Dietary Fats
  • Ketones