Sociovirology: Conflict, Cooperation, and Communication among Viruses

Cell Host Microbe. 2017 Oct 11;22(4):437-441. doi: 10.1016/j.chom.2017.09.012.


Viruses are involved in various interactions both within and between infected cells. Social evolution theory offers a conceptual framework for how virus-virus interactions, ranging from conflict to cooperation, have evolved. A critical examination of these interactions could expand our understanding of viruses and be exploited for epidemiological and medical interventions.

MeSH terms

  • Coinfection / virology*
  • Host-Pathogen Interactions
  • Humans
  • Signal Transduction
  • Virus Diseases / virology*
  • Virus Physiological Phenomena*