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. 2018 Jan;190:368-374.
doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.10.003. Epub 2017 Oct 3.

Quantitative Mapping of Elements in Basil Leaves (Ocimum Basilicum) Based on Cesium Concentration and Growth Period Using Laser Ablation ICP-MS

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Quantitative Mapping of Elements in Basil Leaves (Ocimum Basilicum) Based on Cesium Concentration and Growth Period Using Laser Ablation ICP-MS

Jung Aa Ko et al. Chemosphere. .

Abstract

Quantitative elemental mapping of metallic pollutants in sweet basil was studied by laser ablation (LA)-ICP-MS. For this, the sweet basil was cultivated in Hoagland nutrient solution spiked with 100 and 1000 ng mL-1 of Cs for 10-60 days. Then, the Cs distribution in collected leaves was determined by LA-ICP-MS using lab-synthesized standard pellets based on NIST 1573a tomato leaves. For comparison, S, Ca, and K were also simultaneously determined in this measurement with a13C+ signal from the leaves as an internal standard. The obtained calibration curves showed linear coefficient of determination (R2) of 0.991 for K and 0.999 for Cs. The concentration of Cs measured in the basil leaves increased with growth period and pollutant concentration, and accumulation followed the order of leaf margin, petiole, midrib, and veins. Although no visible symptom was detected, significant suppression of the growth rate was observed due to the presence of high-concentration Cs. The experimental model demonstrated herein showed potential for studying the influence of radioactive pollutants on plants and other organisms in the food chain.

Keywords: Elemental mapping of Cs; LA; LA-ICP-MS; Laser ablation; Laser ablation ICP-MS; Laser ablation inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry; Pollutant exposure; Sweet basil leaves.

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