Walkability, complete streets, and gender: Who benefits most?

Health Place. 2017 Nov;48:80-89. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.09.007.


Does street walkability and a new complete street renovation relate to street use and gender composition? We audited two mixed-walkability complete streets ("complete less-urban" and "complete-urban"), one low-walkable street, and one high-walkable street at pre-renovation and twice post-renovation. Complete street users increased, especially for the complete-less urban street. Typically, the high-walkable street attracted the most and the low-walkable street attracted the fewest total people, males, and females; complete streets were in between. On blocks with people, females were only 29% of users; females were much less common on low- walkable streets. Street improvements might enhance gender equity.

Keywords: Active travel; Built environment; Pedestrian; Sidewalk; Walking.

MeSH terms

  • Cities*
  • Environment Design*
  • Female
  • Geographic Information Systems
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Sex Factors
  • Time Factors
  • Walking / statistics & numerical data*