Neurotensin receptor 1 (NTR1) is overexpressed in ductal pancreatic adenocarcinoma, which is still one of the deadliest cancers, with a very poor prognosis. Eligible patients were offered salvage radiopharmaceutical therapy with the novel NTR1 antagonist 177Lu-3BP-227. Methods: Six patients with confirmed ductal pancreatic adenocarcinoma who had exhausted all other treatment options received 177Lu-3BP-227 for evaluation of NTR1 expression in vivo. Three patients received treatment activities of 5.1-7.5 GBq. Results: Administration of 177Lu-3BP-227 was well tolerated by all patients. The kidneys were identified as the dose-limiting organ. The most severe adverse event was reversible grade 2 anemia. One patient achieved a partial response and experienced significant improvement of symptoms and quality of life. This patient survived 13 mo from diagnosis and 11 mo from the start of 177Lu-3BP-227 therapy. Conclusion: This initial report provides clinical evidence of the feasibility of treatment of ductal pancreatic adenocarcinoma using 177Lu-3BP-227.
Keywords: 177Lu; TRLT; dosimetry; neurotensin receptor 1 antagonist; pancreatic adenocarcinoma; targeted radioligand therapy.
© 2018 by the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging.