BAD-LAMP controls TLR9 trafficking and signalling in human plasmacytoid dendritic cells

Nat Commun. 2017 Oct 13;8(1):913. doi: 10.1038/s41467-017-00695-1.

Abstract

Toll-like receptors (TLR) are essential components of the innate immune system. Several accessory proteins, such as UNC93B1, are required for transport and activation of nucleic acid sensing Toll-like receptors in endosomes. Here, we show that BAD-LAMP (LAMP5) controls TLR9 trafficking to LAMP1+ late endosomes in human plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC), leading to NF-κB activation and TNF production upon DNA detection. An inducible VAMP3+/LAMP2+/LAMP1- endolysosome compartment exists in pDCs from which TLR9 activation triggers type I interferon expression. BAD-LAMP-silencing enhances TLR9 retention in this compartment and consequent downstream signalling events. Conversely, sustained BAD-LAMP expression in pDCs contributes to their lack of type I interferon production after exposure to a TGF-β-positive microenvironment or isolation from human breast tumours. Hence, BAD-LAMP limits interferon expression in pDCs indirectly, by promoting TLR9 sorting to late endosome compartments at steady state and in response to immunomodulatory cues.TLR9 is highly expressed by plasmacytoid dendritic cells and detects nucleic acids, but to discriminate between host and microbial nucleic acids TLR9 is sorted into different endosomal compartments. Here the authors show that BAD-LAMP limits type 1 interferon responses by sorting TLR9 to late endosomal compartments.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Dendritic Cells / metabolism*
  • Endosomes / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Interferon Type I / metabolism
  • Lysosomal-Associated Membrane Protein 2 / genetics
  • Lysosomal-Associated Membrane Protein 2 / metabolism
  • Lysosome-Associated Membrane Glycoproteins / genetics
  • Lysosome-Associated Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism*
  • Microscopy, Confocal
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism
  • Protein Transport
  • RNA Interference
  • Signal Transduction*
  • Toll-Like Receptor 9 / genetics
  • Toll-Like Receptor 9 / metabolism*
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta / metabolism
  • Vesicle-Associated Membrane Protein 3 / genetics
  • Vesicle-Associated Membrane Protein 3 / metabolism

Substances

  • Interferon Type I
  • LAMP1 protein, human
  • LAMP5 protein, human
  • Lysosomal-Associated Membrane Protein 2
  • Lysosome-Associated Membrane Glycoproteins
  • NF-kappa B
  • Toll-Like Receptor 9
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta
  • VAMP3 protein, human
  • Vesicle-Associated Membrane Protein 3