Nutritional Needs of the Older Adult

Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2017 Nov;28(4):747-766. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2017.06.008.


Older adults are particularly vulnerable to compromised nutritional status. With advancing age, the consumption of a high-quality, nutritionally dense diet is increasingly essential to optimize health and well-being. Proportionally, macronutrient needs for older adults are similar to younger adults, however overall calorie requirements tend to decline with age. Unique factors influencing food intake should be considered and individualized guidance should be designed to help overcome medical, physical, and social barriers to a healthy diet. The goal for nutrition intervention should ultimately be to promote health and quality of life across the continuum of the aging process.

Keywords: Anorexia of aging; Artificial nutrition and hydration; Food desert; Food insecurity; Sarcopenic obesity.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aging / physiology*
  • Aging / psychology
  • Diet Therapy
  • Humans
  • Nutrition Policy
  • Nutritional Requirements / physiology*
  • Terminal Care