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Multicenter Study
, 31 (1), 1-7

Ambulatory pH-impedance-pressure Monitoring as a Diagnostic Tool for the Reflux-Cough Syndrome

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Multicenter Study

Ambulatory pH-impedance-pressure Monitoring as a Diagnostic Tool for the Reflux-Cough Syndrome

T V K Herregods et al. Dis Esophagus.

Abstract

Gastroesophageal reflux is considered to be a significant contributing factor to chronic unexplained cough. Patients are often presumed to have reflux-induced cough and are exposed to high-dose and long-term empirical therapy with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) despite the limited treatment efficacy in this population. We aimed to assess the diagnostic value of 24-hour ambulatory pH-impedance-pressure monitoring for the diagnosis of reflux-induced chronic cough. In this multicenter study, we evaluated 192 patients with chronic cough using 24-hour pH-impedance-pressure monitoring off PPIs. Manometry was used to detect all cough bursts while pH-impedance allowed for the evaluation of all reflux episodes, including weakly acidic reflux. The symptom association probability was used to determine a temporal relationship between reflux and cough. A diagnosis of reflux-induced cough was made in 25.5% of the patients. If only acid reflux episodes were used, 22.4% of those patients would not have been diagnosed. Significantly more patients with reflux-induced cough had typical reflux symptoms (P = 0.031) and a pathological distal acid exposure time (P = 0.025) in comparison to patients without the diagnosis. A diagnosis of cough-induced reflux was made in 24.0% of the patients. Only 59% of all cough bursts were registered by the patients. Overall, only approximately one quarter of patients with chronic unexplained cough have reflux-induced cough, explaining the observation that the vast majority of patients with chronic cough do not benefit from antireflux therapy. pH-impedance-pressure monitoring helps to identify patients who are likely to have reflux as a cause of their chronic cough.

Keywords: GERD; chronic cough; extra-esophageal symptoms.

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