To facilitate mapping of the cystic fibrosis locus (CF) and to isolate the corresponding gene, we have screened a flow-sorted chromosome 7-specific library for additional DNA markers in the 7q31-q32 region. Unique ("single-copy") DNA segments were selected from the library and used in hybridization analysis with a panel of somatic cell hybrids containing various portions of human chromosome 7 and patient cell lines with deletion of this chromosome. A total of 258 chromosome 7-specific single-copy DNA segments were identified, and most of them localized to subregions. Fifty three of these corresponded to DNA sequences in the 7q31-q32 region. Family and physical mapping studies showed that two of the DNA markers, D7S122 and D7S340, are in close linkage with CF. The data also showed that D7S122 and D7S340 map between MET and D7S8, the two genetic markers known to be on opposite sides of CF. The study thus reaffirms the general strategy in approaching a disease locus on the basis of chromosome location.