Evidence based effects of yoga practice on various health related problems of elderly people: A review

J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2017 Oct;21(4):1028-1032. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.01.004. Epub 2017 Jan 9.


More than 50% of the elderly above 60 years of age suffer from chronic medical conditions, the prevalence of which increases with age. Though Yoga has been reported as an effective modality in improving various physical and psychological aspects of elderly populations, a comprehensive review of Yoga and its effects on various health related problems of elderly populations has not yet been reported. Hence, we performed PubMed/Medline search to review relevant articles, using keyword "yoga and elderly". Relevant articles published since inception till 6th October 2016 were included for the review. Based on the available scientific literature, this review suggests that the regular practice of Yoga can be considered as an effective intervention in improving physical (reduces heart rate, blood pressure, blood glucose, oxidative damage, fatigue, weakness, fear of fall, and improve heart rate variability, baroreflex sensitivity, insulin sensitivity, physical functions, mobility, flexibility, and urinary incontinence), mental (reduces depression, anxiety), emotional (reduces anger, stress, tension and improve self-efficacy), social (improve life satisfaction), and vital (improved vitality) planes of elderly individuals, offering a better quality of sleep and quality of life.

Keywords: Elderly peoples; Health related problems; Yoga.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Blood Glucose
  • Blood Pressure
  • Emotions
  • Fatigue / physiopathology
  • Fatigue / psychology
  • Health Status*
  • Heart Rate
  • Humans
  • Mental Health*
  • Middle Aged
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Quality of Life
  • Yoga*


  • Blood Glucose