The Effects of Clinical Pilates Exercises on Patients With Shoulder Pain: A Randomised Clinical Trial

J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2017 Oct;21(4):847-851. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.02.003. Epub 2017 Mar 4.


Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Clinical Pilates exercises on patients with shoulder pain.

Material and methods: Thirty-three patients, experiencing shoulder pain continuously for at least four weeks were selected as study subjects. The patients were randomly divided into two groups, namely Clinical Pilates exercise (n = 17) group and conventional exercise (n = 16) group. The patients were treated for five days a week, the total treatment being carried out for 10 days. The assessment of pain and disability amongst the patients were done at the baseline and at the end of the treatment sessions, using Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI).

Results: The clinical Pilates exercise group showed a significant improvement in all scores used for assessment (p < 0.05), while the conventional exercise group demonstrated a significant improvement only in the SPADI total score (p < 0.05). A comparison of scores for the VAS, SPADI-Pain and SPADI-Total between the two groups, revealed a significant improvement in the Clinical Pilates exercise group (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: It was demonstrated by the study that Clinical Pilates exercise is an efficient technique for patients experiencing shoulder pain, as it helps reduce pain and disability among them.

Keywords: Clinical Pilates exercise; Pain; Shoulder disability; Shoulder pain.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Disability Evaluation
  • Exercise Movement Techniques / methods*
  • Exercise Therapy / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pain Measurement
  • Physical Therapy Modalities
  • Shoulder Pain / therapy*