Inductively-coupled Frequency Tuning and Impedance Matching in HTS-based NMR Probes

IEEE Trans Appl Supercond. 2017 Jun;27(4):1502505. doi: 10.1109/TASC.2017.2672718. Epub 2017 Feb 22.


Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) probes based on High Temperature Superconducting (HTS) resonators have demonstrated significant gains in detection sensitivity. However, the widespread acceptance of this technology has been limited by some unresolved issues including the mechanical unreliability of the moveable inductive loops used to adjust tuning and matching. In order to improve reliability, we propose to implement frequency tuning and impedance matching of HTS resonators using fixed inductively coupled loops and variable capacitors. By analyzing the loss mechanisms associated with inductive loops, we predict that using a superconducting inductive loop for tuning and matching will not only improve the reliability of HTS probes, but also provide improvements in sensitivity.