Effects of puerarin on lipopolysaccharide-induced myocardial dysfunction in isolated rat hearts

Pak J Pharm Sci. 2017 Jul;30(4):1195-1202.

Abstract

Myocardial dysfunction is a serious complication induced by sepsis. Puerarin is an oriental medicine that possesses therapeutic benefits for cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-myocardial dysfunction effects of puerarin in isolated rat hearts induced by lipopolysaccharide- and compare the myocardial protective effects between the different concentrations of puerarin. Isolated hearts were attached to a Langendorff apparatus and perfused with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and different concentrations of puerarin. The hemodynamic parameters of heart rate (HR), left ventricular end systolic pressure [LVESP], +dp/dtmax, and -dp/dtmax were recorded. The biochemical indexes of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), and creatine kinase (CK) in the coronary effluent were measured at 40, 90, and 120 min of perfusion. TNF-α in myocardial tissues was measured after perfusion was completed. As a result, puerarin (0.24 μmmol/L-0.48 μmmol/L) significantly increased LVESP, +dp/dtmax, -dp/dtmax, and HR in isolated rat hearts that were declined by LPS during perfusion periods. Puerarin could protect against increased LDH, CK, and TNF-α in coronary effluent of isolated rat hearts by LPS during perfusion periods. Treatment of 0.48 μmmol/L puerarin significantly decreased the TNF-α in coronary effluent of isolated rat hearts compared with the treatment of 0.12 and 0.24 μmmol/L puerarin, but the TNF-α values were not reverted to baseline levels. However, the difference of TNF-α in myocardial tissue in the three puerarin-combined groups was statistically significant. This study confirms that puerarin can improve LPS-induced contractile dysfunction in isolated heart and inhibit LPS-stimulated myocardial TNF-α production.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cardiotonic Agents / pharmacology
  • Creatine Kinase / blood
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Heart Injuries / chemically induced
  • Heart Injuries / physiopathology*
  • Heart Injuries / prevention & control*
  • Heart Rate / physiology
  • Isoflavones / pharmacology*
  • Isolated Heart Preparation
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / blood
  • Lipopolysaccharides / pharmacology*
  • Male
  • Myocardium / pathology*
  • Rats
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / blood
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / metabolism
  • Ventricular Function, Left / physiology

Substances

  • Cardiotonic Agents
  • Isoflavones
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
  • Creatine Kinase
  • puerarin