Prevalence of Carotid Web in Patients with Acute Intracranial Stroke Due to Intracranial Large Vessel Occlusion

Radiology. 2018 Mar;286(3):1000-1007. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2017170094. Epub 2017 Oct 16.


Purpose To investigate the prevalence of symptomatic carotid web in patients with acute ischemic stroke due to intracranial large vessel occlusion, to determine the clinical and imaging profile of patients with carotid web as well as their association with ischemic stroke, and to determine the interobserver agreement in the assessment of carotid webs. Materials and Methods All patients (n = 500) of the Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial of Endovascular Treatment for Acute Ischemic Stroke in the Netherlands (MR CLEAN) in whom the carotid bifurcation could be assessed (n = 443) were included. The presence of a carotid web at the carotid bifurcations was evaluated at computed tomographic (CT) angiography. Demographics, clinical characteristics, and imaging baseline characteristics were presented by descriptive statistics for patients with an identified carotid web. Interobserver agreement in the detection of carotid webs was examined by using kappa statistics. Results Eleven (2.5%) carotid webs were found at the symptomatic side and two (0.5%) carotid webs were found at the asymptomatic side. Ten (91%) patients with a symptomatic carotid web were female. Nine patients with a symptomatic carotid web did not have major risk factors or other causes for ischemic stroke (82%). Fair to good interobserver agreement (κ, 0.72) was observed for diagnosing carotid webs at CT angiography. Conclusion Carotid webs at the symptomatic carotid bifurcation were observed in 2.5% of the patients with acute ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion and were mostly diagnosed in female patients with a fair to good interobserver agreement. © RSNA, 2017 Clinical trial registration nos. NTR1804 and ISRCTN10888758 Online supplemental material is available for this article.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Arterial Occlusive Diseases / complications*
  • Arterial Occlusive Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Arterial Occlusive Diseases / epidemiology
  • Carotid Artery Diseases / complications*
  • Carotid Artery Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Carotid Artery Diseases / epidemiology
  • Carotid Artery, Internal / diagnostic imaging
  • Cerebral Angiography / methods
  • Cerebral Arterial Diseases / complications*
  • Cerebral Arterial Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Cerebral Arterial Diseases / epidemiology
  • Computed Tomography Angiography
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Netherlands / epidemiology
  • Neuroimaging / methods
  • Observer Variation
  • Prevalence
  • Stroke / diagnostic imaging
  • Stroke / epidemiology
  • Stroke / etiology*
  • Stroke / therapy