Farletuzumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody that binds to folate receptor alpha and elicits an anti-tumor response via immune effector activity. Recent studies from a global phase 3 trial in ovarian cancer patients treated with carboplatin/taxane plus farletuzumab found that the tumor-produced CA125 protein can suppress farletuzumab function via perturbing its engagement to the activating Fc-γ receptors CD32a (FCGR2A) and CD16a (FCGR3A). Previous reports have indicated that naturally occurring polymorphisms in both of these receptors may play a role in their ability to engage therapeutic antibodies and elicit an optimal immune response via antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC). In light of the importance of farletuzumab ADCC function for optimal tumor cell killing, we evaluated the frequency of FCGR2A-131H/R and FCGR3A-158V/F polymorphisms in 461 consenting patients from this global clinical study and their association with clinical outcome to placebo versus farletuzumab treatment. Here, we show that farletuzumab has enhanced binding to FCGR3A-158V high-affinity receptor and has an enhanced clinical outcome in patients with low baseline CA125 levels and at least 1 high-affinity allele of FCGR2A or FCGR3A.
Keywords: Antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity; CD16a; CD32a; FCGR2A; FCGR3A; Farletuzumab; Fc receptor; Ovarian cancer.
© 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel.