Pediatric falls from windows and balconies: incidents and risk factors as reported by newspapers in the United Arab Emirates

World J Emerg Surg. 2017 Oct 16;12:45. doi: 10.1186/s13017-017-0156-z. eCollection 2017.

Abstract

Background: Falls of children from heights (balconies and windows) usually result in severe injuries and death. Details on child falls from heights in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) are not easily accessible. Our aim was to assess the incidents, personal, and environmental risk factors for pediatric falls from windows/balconies using newspaper clippings.

Methods: We used a retrospective study design to electronically assess all major UAE national Arabic and English newspapers for reports of unintentional child falls from windows and balconies during 2005-2016. A structured data collection form was developed to collect information. Data were entered into an Excel sheet and descriptive analysis was performed.

Results: Newspaper clippings documented 96 fall incidents. After cleaning the data and excluding duplicate cases and intentional injuries, 81 cases were included into the final analysis. Fifty-three percent (n = 42) were boys. The mean (range) age was 4.9 years (1-15). Thirty-eight (47%) children fell from windows and 36 (44%) from balconies. Twenty-two (27%) children climbed on the furniture placed on a balcony or close to a window. Twenty-five (31%) children were not alone in the apartment when they fell. Twenty-nine children fell from less than 5 floors (37%), 33 from 5 to 10 floors (42%) and 16 from more than 10 floors (21%). Fifteen children (19%) were hospitalized and survived the fall incident, while 66 died (81%).

Conclusions: Newspapers proved to be useful to study pediatric falls from heights. It is necessary to improve window safety by installing window guards and raising awareness.

Keywords: Balconies; Children; Falls from windows; UAE.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Accidental Falls / statistics & numerical data*
  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence*
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Newspapers as Topic / statistics & numerical data
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • United Arab Emirates / epidemiology
  • Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology