Long term follow-up of women with hypertension in pregnancy

Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 1988 Aug;27(1):45-9. doi: 10.1016/0020-7292(88)90086-0.


The reproductive history and the present health status of 66 patients who had had a pregnancy complicated by hypertension during the period 1972-1982 were retrospectively studied. Hypertension in pregnancy is a poor prognostic factor not only for the future development of hypertension but, also, as it is associated to a very poor reproductive history. Such complications are more frequent in pregnant women with very high blood pressure (greater than 160/100). In fact, in the case of a previous pregnancy, this group of patients had experienced a high rate of abortions (31.7%), premature deliveries (17.8%) and perinatal mortality (21.4%). Moreover, these women are subject to a higher risk (56.5%) of developing hypertension in successive pregnancies. Risk factors for determining the future development of hypertension are: familiar hypertension, the severity of hypertension during pregnancy and pluriparity.

MeSH terms

  • Abortion, Spontaneous / epidemiology
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Female
  • Fetal Death / epidemiology
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / complications*
  • Infant Mortality
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature
  • Middle Aged
  • Parity
  • Pre-Eclampsia / complications*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular*
  • Prognosis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors