Epidemiology and Risk Factors of Uterine Fibroids

Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2018 Jan:46:3-11. doi: 10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2017.09.004. Epub 2017 Oct 1.


Risk factors, both modifiable and non-modifiable, are associated with the development of fibroids. These include age, race, endogenous and exogenous hormonal factors, obesity, uterine infection, and lifestyle (diet, caffeine and alcohol consumption, physical activity, stress, and smoking). Some of the epidemiological data were conflicting; consequently, further studies are needed to better understand the factors that influence fibroid prevalence.

Keywords: Epidemiology; Genetic factors; Lifestyle; Reproductive history; Risk factor; Uterine fibroids.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Black People / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Leiomyoma / epidemiology*
  • Leiomyoma / etiology*
  • Leiomyoma / genetics
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Uterine Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • Uterine Neoplasms / etiology*
  • Uterine Neoplasms / genetics
  • White People / statistics & numerical data