Ovarian lesions in 44 rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus)

J Vet Med Sci. 2017 Dec 22;79(12):1994-1997. doi: 10.1292/jvms.17-0358. Epub 2017 Oct 20.


The clinical and pathological records of 44 domestic, female rabbits with an age ranging from 6-124 months (median age: 63.5 month) were assessed retrospectively for ovarian lesions. Included were all rabbits that underwent an ovariohysterectomy with a subsequent pathological examination of the genital tract between March 1997 and June 2016. Pathological examination revealed ovarian lesions in 12 of the 44 rabbits including follicular cysts (n=7), cystic rete ovarii (n=3), widespread ovarian necrosis with dystrophic calcification (n=2), ovarian adenoma (n=1). Clinical examination including radiographs only suggested ovarian disorders in two cases of ovarian necrosis with dystrophic calcification and in two cases of cystic rete ovarii. Clinical significance was only conclusive in a case of cystic rete ovarii.

Keywords: cystic rete ovarii; follicular cyst; ovarian cyst.

MeSH terms

  • Adenoma / pathology
  • Adenoma / veterinary
  • Animals
  • Female
  • Follicular Cyst / pathology
  • Follicular Cyst / veterinary
  • Necrosis
  • Ovarian Cysts / pathology
  • Ovarian Cysts / veterinary
  • Ovarian Diseases / pathology
  • Ovarian Diseases / veterinary
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / veterinary
  • Ovary / pathology*
  • Rabbits / anatomy & histology*
  • Retrospective Studies