Type and Etiology of Pediatric Epilepsy in Jordan. A Multi-Center Study

Neurosciences (Riyadh). 2017 Oct;22(4):267-273. doi: 10.17712/nsj.2017.4.20170164.


Objective: To study types and etiologies of epilepsy in Jordanian pediatric epileptic patients maintained on antiepileptic drugs using customized classification scheme of International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) (2010) report.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional, multi-centre study on pediatric epileptic patients on antiepileptic drugs, who were managed in the pediatric neurology clinics at 6 teaching public hospitals in Jordan.

Results: Out of the 663 patients included in the study, (90.2%) had one seizure type, (53%) of this type were focal seizures followed by generalized seizures (41.5%) and spasms (5.5%). Distinctive constellations were found in 11/663 (1.7%) patients. Benign epilepsies with centrotemporal spikes were the most common electro clinical syndromes 60/221 (27.1%). Epilepsies attributed to structural-metabolic causes were documented in 278/663 (41.9%) patients, unknown causes 268/663(40.4%) and genetic causes in 117/663(17.7%). Most common causes of structural-metabolic group were due to perinatal insults (32%) and most common causes of the genetic group were the presumed genetic electro clinical syndromes (93.1%).

Conclusion: Our study is on pediatric epilepsy, using customized classification scheme from the ILAE 2010 report which showed interesting results about type and etiology of epileptic seizures from developing country with potential impact on the international level.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Age Distribution
  • Anticonvulsants / therapeutic use
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Epilepsy / classification
  • Epilepsy / drug therapy
  • Epilepsy / epidemiology*
  • Epilepsy / etiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Jordan / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Pediatrics*
  • Statistics, Nonparametric


  • Anticonvulsants