Intersection of Proteomics and Genomics to "Solve the Unsolved" in Rare Disorders such as Neurodegenerative and Neuromuscular Diseases

Proteomics Clin Appl. 2018 Mar;12(2). doi: 10.1002/prca.201700073. Epub 2017 Oct 23.

Abstract

Despite recent rapid advances in sequencing technologies, a significant proportion of patients with rare genetic disorders do not receive a genetic diagnosis after exhaustive testing, and even fewer have a potential therapeutic target identified. Taking rare neuromuscular and neurodegenerative disorders as a paradigm that can be extended to other rare Mendelian disorders, this viewpoint explores the opportunities that are brought about by the integration of genomics and proteomics, as well as the limitations and remaining challenges of this newly emerging field of proteogenomics. The relevance of combining proteomic findings with genetic results for diagnosis and gene discovery is illustrated, highlighting the insights the combined analysis provides into the underlying biology and aetiology as well as the limitations of the experimental techniques. A final discussion focuses on the importance of mechanisms to enable the sharing, reuse, and analysis of source experimental data and describes some of the international initiatives that are making progress in this area.

Keywords: data sharing; neuromuscular diseases; omics data intersection; proteogenomics; rare diseases.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases / diagnosis
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases / genetics*
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases / metabolism*
  • Neuromuscular Diseases / diagnosis
  • Neuromuscular Diseases / genetics*
  • Neuromuscular Diseases / metabolism*
  • Proteomics / methods*
  • Translational Medical Research