Interferon regulatory factor 1-Rab27a regulated extracellular vesicles promote liver ischemia/reperfusion injury

Hepatology. 2018 Mar;67(3):1056-1070. doi: 10.1002/hep.29605. Epub 2018 Jan 24.


The role and regulators of extracellular vesicle (EV) secretion in hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury have not been defined. Rab27a is a guanosine triphosphatase known to control EV release. Interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF-1) is a transcription factor that plays an important role in liver IR and regulates certain guanosine triphosphatases. However, the relationships among IRF-1, Rab27a, and EV secretion are largely unknown. Here, we show induction of IRF-1 and Rab27a both in vitro in hypoxic hepatocytes and in vivo in warm IR and orthotopic liver transplantation livers. Interferon γ stimulation, IRF-1 transduction, or IR promoted Rab27a expression and EV secretion. Meanwhile, silencing of IRF-1 decreased Rab27a expression and EV secretion. Rab27a silencing decreased EV secretion and liver IR injury. Ten putative IRF-1 binding motifs in the 1,692-bp Rab27a promoter region were identified. Chromatin immunoprecipitation and electrophoretic mobility shift assay verified five functional IRF-1 binding motifs, which were confirmed by a Rab27a promoter luciferase assay. IR-induced EVs contained higher oxidized phospholipids (OxPL). OxPLs on the EV surface activated neutrophils through the toll-like receptor 4 pathway. OxPL-neutralizing E06 antibody blocked the effect of EVs and decreased liver IR injury.

Conclusion: These findings provide a novel mechanism by which IRF-1 regulates Rab27a transcription and EV secretion, leading to OxPL activation of neutrophils and subsequent hepatic IR injury. (Hepatology 2018;67:1056-1070).

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Culture Techniques
  • Extracellular Vesicles / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Hepatocytes / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Interferon Regulatory Factor-1 / metabolism*
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Liver / pathology*
  • Liver Transplantation
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Reperfusion Injury / metabolism*
  • rab27 GTP-Binding Proteins / metabolism*


  • Interferon Regulatory Factor-1
  • rab27 GTP-Binding Proteins