Varying degrees of optic neuropathy can be seen in patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease. To define and characterize the extent of optic neuropathy in patients with CMT2A and CMT1A, two patients from both sub-classifications were evaluated. All patients underwent complete neuro-ophthalmic examinations, and optical coherence (OCT) measurements of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and ganglion cell layer complex (GCC) were obtained, along with pattern visual evoked potential (VEP) and pattern electroretinogram (ERG) recordings. RNFL thickness measurements were decreased in both patients with CMT2A, and normal in both patients with CMT1A. GCC measurements were decreased in both patients with CMT2A, mildly decreased in one patient with CMT1A and normal in the second CMT1A patient. VEP latencies were delayed in one patient with CMT2A and one patient with CMT1A. VEP latencies were immeasurable in the other CMT2A patient and not obtained in the second CMT1A patient. Pattern ERG P50-N95 amplitudes were decreased in both patients with CMT2A and normal in one patient with CMT1A. The pattern ERG was immeasurable in the second patient with CMT1A. The pattern of RNFL and GCC thinning in CMT2A with optic neuropathy, a subset of HMSN VI, closely resembles that seen in other mitochondrial optic neuropathies.
Keywords: Charcot–Marie–Tooth; Electroretinogram; Ganglion cell layer complex; Optic neuropathy; Retinal nerve fiber layer; Visual evoked potential.