In Vitro Study on the Deterioration of Polypropylene Hernia Repair Meshes

J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater. 2018 Aug;106(6):2225-2234. doi: 10.1002/jbm.b.34029. Epub 2017 Oct 25.

Abstract

Despite the relative safety of the procedure, hernia repairs are often associated with chronic post-operative pain. Although this complication has been linked among others to mesh deterioration, details of the processes that lead this deterioration are still unknown. This work aims to bridge this gap by analyzing the chemical, physical and structural alterations in hernia repair meshes exposed to oxidative stress in vitro. Here, we developed a methodology to characterize effect of oxidation stress on structure and properties of polymeric hernia repair meshes. It was shown that structural changes in polypropylene meshes exposed to oxidative stress may involve formation of cross-links between the polymer chains, chain scissions, and hydrogen bonds between the carboxyl groups, which are formed in the material during the oxidation. These effects result in mesh stiffening, ultimately leading to chronic post-operative pain. Moreover, we demonstrated that Composix meshes are more vulnerable to the oxidative stress when compared with UltraPro meshes. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 106B: 2225-2234, 2018.

Keywords: hernia repair mesh; mesh stiffening; oxidative stress; polymer stability; post-operative pain.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Herniorrhaphy*
  • Oxidative Stress*
  • Polypropylenes / chemistry*
  • Surgical Mesh*

Substances

  • Polypropylenes