The Spontaneous Differentiation and Chromosome Loss in iPSCs of Human Trisomy 18 Syndrome

Cell Death Dis. 2017 Oct 26;8(10):e3149. doi: 10.1038/cddis.2017.565.

Abstract

Aneuploidy including trisomy results in developmental disabilities and is the leading cause of miscarriages in humans. Unlike trisomy 21, pathogenic mechanisms of trisomy 18 remain unclear. Here, we successfully generated induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from human amniotic fluid cells (AFCs) with trisomy 18 pregnancies. We found that trisomy 18 iPSCs (18T-iPSCs) were prone to differentiate spontaneously. Intriguingly, 18T-iPSCs lost their extra 18 chromosomes and converted to diploid cells after 10 generations. fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis showed chromosome loss was a random event that might happen in any trisomic cells. Selection undifferentiated cells for passage accelerated the recovery of euploid cells. Overall, our findings indicate the genomic instability of trisomy 18 iPSCs bearing an extra chromosome 18.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Differentiation
  • Chromosomes / genetics*
  • Chromosomes / metabolism
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence / methods*
  • Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells / pathology*
  • Trisomy 18 Syndrome / genetics*
  • Trisomy 18 Syndrome / metabolism