Assessment of a novel pinhole supplementary implant for sulcus fixation in pseudophakic cadaver eyes

Eye (Lond). 2018 Mar;32(3):637-645. doi: 10.1038/eye.2017.239. Epub 2017 Oct 27.


PurposeTo evaluate a novel small-aperture supplementary implant that applies the principle of pinholes for management of irregular astigmatism, in postmortem human eyes.MethodsPseudophakic human cadaver eyes were imaged by anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) to assess position of the in-the-bag intraocular lens (IOL). Eyes were prepared as per the Miyake-Apple technique. Two versions of the supplementary implant (open-loop and tripod designs) were then inserted into the sulcus of each eye. Evaluations under AS-OCT and from anterior and posterior views of the anterior segment were used to assess IOL fixation, centration, tilt, and interlenticular distance (ILD). This experimental study has been conducted in John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah.ResultsNine eyes were selected, with various sizes, primary IOL materials/designs, and Soemmering's ring formation. The open-loop model exhibited a mild degree of decentration and tilt in 2 eyes with zonular dehiscence. Mild decentration and tilt of the tripod were observed in 4 eyes; in 1 additional eye it was centered but mildly tilted. Three eyes with zonular dehiscence had one of the closed loops of the tripod located posteriorly to the ciliary processes. In all cases, an ILD was observed between the lenses (open loop: 0.65±0.13 mm; tripod: 0.41±0.12 mm).ConclusionsIt is important to take into account anatomical aspects related to ciliary sulcus fixation of supplementary IOLs. Both designs evaluated, exhibited appropriate centration and ILD. The open-loop design had less risk of tilt in association with haptics protruding posteriorly through areas of zonular weakness.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Anterior Eye Segment / diagnostic imaging
  • Cadaver
  • Ciliary Body / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Lens Capsule, Crystalline / surgery*
  • Lens Implantation, Intraocular / methods*
  • Lenses, Intraocular*
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Pseudophakia / surgery*
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence