Oncologic Mechanical Emergencies

Hematol Oncol Clin North Am. 2017 Dec;31(6):927-940. doi: 10.1016/j.hoc.2017.08.001.


Prevalence of cancer and its various related complications continues to rise. Increasingly these life-threatening complications are initially managed in the emergency department, making a prompt and accurate diagnosis crucial to effectively institute the proper treatment and establish goals of care. The following oncologic emergencies are reviewed in this article: pericardial tamponade, superior vena cava syndrome, brain metastasis, malignant spinal cord compression, and hyperviscosity syndrome.

Keywords: Brain metastasis; Hyperviscosity syndrome; Metastatic spinal cord compression; Pericardial tamponade; Superior vena cava syndrome.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brain Neoplasms* / diagnosis
  • Brain Neoplasms* / secondary
  • Brain Neoplasms* / therapy
  • Cardiac Tamponade* / diagnosis
  • Cardiac Tamponade* / therapy
  • Emergency Medical Services / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • Spinal Cord Compression* / diagnosis
  • Spinal Cord Compression* / therapy
  • Superior Vena Cava Syndrome* / diagnosis
  • Superior Vena Cava Syndrome* / therapy