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, 214 (6), 1067-1072

Returning From the Acidotic Abyss: Mortality in Trauma Patients With a pH < 7.0

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Returning From the Acidotic Abyss: Mortality in Trauma Patients With a pH < 7.0

Samuel W Ross et al. Am J Surg.

Abstract

Introduction: We hypothesized that a pH of <7.0 on presentation would correlate with almost universal mortality in trauma patients.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed on a Level I trauma center registry from 2013 to 2014. Hospital mortality was the primary outcome, which was compared by pH cohort (<7.0 or ≥7.0) using standard univariate statistics and multivariate logistic regression.

Results: There were 593 patients included in the analysis: 66 in <7.0, 527 in ≥7.0. Mortality was 3× higher in the <7.0 pH cohort (62.1 vs. 20.3%; p < 0.0001), however there was no threshold for a pH below which there was 100% mortality. After controlling for these confounding variables, initial pH was found to be an independent predictor of inpatient mortality: pH < 7.0 (OR 6.33, 3.29-12.19; p < 0.0001).

Conclusion: This data indicates that while patients with severe acidosis are at increased risk for mortality, a pH < 7.0 is still recoverable in select cases.

Keywords: Acidosis; Futility; Mortality; Trauma; pH < 7.0.

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