Development and formulation of Moringa oleifera standardised leaf extract film dressing for wound healing application

J Ethnopharmacol. 2018 Feb 15:212:188-199. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2017.10.016. Epub 2017 Nov 5.


Ethnopharmacological relevance: M.oleifera is a medicinal plant traditionally used for skin sores, sore throat and eye infections. Recently, the wound healing property of the leaves of M. oleifera was has been well demonstrated experimentally in both in vivo and in vitro models. However, there is a lack of research which focuses on formulating M.oleifera into a functional wound dressing. In this study, the M.oleifera leaf standardized aqueous extract with highest potency in vitro migration was formulated into a film for wound healing application.

Materials and methods: Firstly, M. oleifera leaf were extracted in various solvents (aqueous, 50%, 70% and 100% ethanolic extracts) and standardized by reference standards using UHPLC technique. The extracts were then tested for cell migration and proliferation using HDF and HEK cell lines. M. oleifera leaf aqueous extract was then incorporated into alginate-pectin (SA-PC) based film dressing. The film dressings were characterized for the physicochemical properties and the bioactives release from the M. oleifera leaf extract loaded film dressing was also investigated using Franz diffusion cells.

Results: All extracts were found to contain vicenin-2, chlorogenic acid, gallic acid, quercetin, kaempferol, rosmarinic acid and rutin. Among all M. oleifera extracts, aqueous standardized leaf extracts showed the highest human dermal fibroblast and human keratinocytes cells proliferation and migration properties. Among the film formulations, SA-PC (3% w/v) composite film dressing containing M. oleifera aqueous leaf extract was found to possess optimal physicochemical properties as wound dressing.

Conclusion: A potentially applicable wound dressing formulated as an alginate-pectin film containing aqueous extracts of M. oleifera has been developed. The dressing would be suitable for wounds with moderate exudates.

MeSH terms

  • Bandages*
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Survival
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Fibroblasts / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Keratinocytes / drug effects*
  • Moringa oleifera / chemistry*
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology
  • Plant Leaves


  • Plant Extracts